Consumer Fireworks Safety as presented by Natural Resources Canada

  1. Use Fireworks Outdoors

    Never use fireworks indoors; they are designed for outdoor use only.

  2. Choose a Clear, Open Area

  3. Always use fireworks in an open area away from buildings, vehicles, overhead obstructions, and dry brush/grass (which could catch fire).

  4. A minimum clear area of 30 m by 30 m for aerial family fireworks, such as Roman candles, and 20 m by 20 m for fountains and other ground-based items is recommended.

  5. Check For Wind

    Check wind direction and wind speed; fireworks should be lit with the prevailing wind blowing away from spectators and closest dwelling. Don’t set off aerial fireworks in strong winds.

  6. Have Water Nearby

    Keep a charged hose or bucket filled with water close by in case of a malfunction or fire.

  7. Read All Instructions

    Carefully read all the instructions for each firework ahead of time.

  8. Use Ground-Based Fireworks on a Hard Surface

    Always light ground-based fireworks (fountains, mines) on a hard, flat and level surface to ensure stability of the item. Grass is typically not suitable, and a wood or equivalent base is recommended to ensure stability.

  9. Bury Aerial Fireworks

    For aerial fireworks (Roman candles), bury (do not pile) the device to half it’s length in the ground or in a large pail or box filled with earth or sand.

  10. Keep Spectators Safe

    Keep all spectators at least 20 m away from location where articles are functioned

  11. Use Proper Eye Protection and Wear Proper Clothing

  12. Protect your eyes with safety glasses or safety goggles. Regular prescription glasses or sunglasses provide little or no protection and may actually contribute to an injury.

  13. Wear non-flammable clothing such as cotton; never wear synthetic fibre clothing (nylon, polyester) when firing.

  14. Keep Children Away From Fireworks

    Never let children handle, play with or fire fireworks under any circumstances. Even sparklers, which are considered by many as “safe” fireworks for children, burn at very high temperatures and can easily ignite clothing and burn flesh. In addition, they project sparks that can cause eye injury.

  15. Use Care When Handling Fireworks

    Take care when handling fireworks to prevent dropping them. Do not carry fireworks in your pockets. Never smoke while handling fireworks.

  16. Use Care When Firing Fireworks

  17. When lighting, never put any part of your body or head over the firework; never hand hold them or insert them into other means of containment such as pipes; and never point or throw them at people or other sensitive/flammable targets.

  18. During a fireworks show, store the unused fireworks away from the firing area and keep them covered to prevent stray sparks from prematurely setting them off.

  19. Duds or Misfires

    Never attempt to re-light fireworks that have misfired (duds). Wait 30 minutes and then place them in a bucket of water.

  20. Clean-Up After the Show

    Wait 30 minutes after the display has finished. Check the firing area for duds, clean up all debris, and check it again the next morning.


Natural Resources Canada Safe Use of Fireworks Poster:

Display Courses:

Display Course Application:

Special Effects Course Application:

Display Fireworks Manual: